Disintegration of Family in Kazuo Ishiguro’s A Pale View of Hills, The Unconsoled, When We Were Orphans and Nocturnes

EL HABIB EL HADARI

Abstract


This paper addresses the theme of the family disintegration in the fiction of Kazuo Ishiguro as a contemporary author whose line of thought is still developing. The way he approaches this theme is historicist as he builds on the past to reveal the impacts of the World War II on the family and show the effect of the interactions of the Orient with the Occident on it. It is also anti-capitalist as he seeks to unveil how money-grubbing has relegated family bonds to a subordinate position. These interactions make of his fiction a space where there is a plurality of views about what a family is. The core of his argument is that individualism has led to the geographical and emotional fracture of the family. Politics is introduced as a force that shakes its unity. His view about the status of the family is cosmopolitan as he goes beyond the geographical boundaries of Japan and England to reveal that the fragmentation of the family is placeless. It is everywhere. The methodology of analysis is primarily grounded on a close study of three novels (A Pale View of Hills, When We Were Orphans and The Unconsoled) and a collection of short stories (Nocturnes).  

 


Keywords


family disintegration; anti-capitalism; individualism; plurality; politics; money-grubbing

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adams , Tim. “For Me, England Is a Mythical Place.” The Guardian, 20 Feb. 2005, www.theguardian.com/books/2005/feb/20/fiction.kazuoishiguro.

Barry, Peter. Beginning Theory: An Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory. Manchester University Press, 2002.

Baudrillard, Jean. Simulacra and Simulation. University of Michigan Press, 1994.

Baudrillard, Jean. The Vital Illusion. Edited by Julia Witwer, Columbia University Press, 2000.

Bauman, Zygmunt. “From Pilgrim to Tourist- or a Short History of Identity.” Questions of Cultural Identity, Sage, 1996, pp. 18–36.

Baumbach, Niko, et al. “Revisiting Postmodernism: An Interview with Frederic Jameson.” Social Text, vol. 34, no. 2, June 2016, pp. 143–160.

Bhabha, K. Homi. “Culture's In-Between.” Questions of Cultural Identity, edited by Stuart Hall, SAGE Publication Ltd, 2003, pp. 53–60.

Combs, Arthur W. Being and Becoming: a Field Approach to Psychology. Springer, 2006.

Dauphinee, Elizabeth, and Cristina Masters. “Introduction: Living, Dying, Surviving I.” The Logics of Biopower and the War on Terror: Living, Dying, Surviving, Pelgrave Macmillan , 2007.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Félix Guattari. Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. University of Minnesota Press, 1983.

Esteva, Gustavo, et al. Grassroots Postmodernism Remaking the Soil of Cultures. Zed Books, 1998.

Frith, Simon. “Music and Identity.” Questions of Cultural Identity, edited by Stuart Hall, SAGE Publication Ltd, 2003, pp. 108–127.

Gramsci, Antonio. Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci. Edited and translated by Quintin Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell-Smith, The Electric Book Company, 1999.

Habermas, Jurgen. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Enquiry into a Category of Bouergeois Society. The M.I.T. Press, 1991.

Hartman, Sherry. “Preparing Modern Practitioners for Postmodern Families.” The Emergence of Family into the 21st Century, edited by Patricia L. Munhall and Virginia M. Fitzsimons, Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 2001, pp. 73–84.

Hartley, John. A Short History of Cultural Studies. Sage, 2003.

Ishiguro, Kazuo. “Crooner.” Nocturnes, Vintage International, 2009, pp. 1–33.

---. “Malvern Hills.” Nocturnes, Vintage International, 2009, pp. 87–123.

---. “Nocturne.” Nocturnes, Vintage International, 2009, pp. 125–185.

---. The Unconsoled. Vintage International, 1995.

---. When We Were Orphans. 2000. PDF File. thelabenglish.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/when-we-were-orphans.pdf

---. A Pale View of Hills. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 1990. PDF File.

Ishiguro, Kazuo, and Allan Vorda et al.. “An Interview with Kazuo Ishiguro.” Conversations with Kazuo Ishiguro, edited by Brian W. Shaffer and Cynthia F. Wong, University Press of Mississippi, 2008, pp. 66–88.

Jameson, Fredric. The Political Unconscious: Narrative as a Socially Symbolic Act. Cornell University Press, 1981.

Leslie, Alan M. “Pretense and Representation: The Origins of ‘Theory of Mind.".” Psychological Review, vol. 94, no. 4, 1987, pp. 412–426.

Lyotard, Jean-François. The Postmodern Condition: a Report on Knowledge. Vol. 10, Manchester University Press, 2005.

Mandel, Ernest. Late Capitalism. NLB, 1975.

Miles, Steven. Consumerism: As a Way of Life. Sage Publications, 2006.

Page, Scott E. The Diversity Bonus: How Great Teams Pay off in the Knowledge Economy. Princeton University Press, 2019.

Pawar, N. B. “Post Modernism and English Literature: What Is Post Modernism?” The Criterion: An International Journal in English, II, no. 1, 2011, pp. 1–3.

Quinn, Annalisa. “'Klara and the Sun' Asks What It Means to Be Human.” NPR, NPR, 2 Mar. 2021, https://www.npr.org/2021/03/02/971851192/klara-and-the-sun-asks-what-it-means-to-be-human.

Said, Edward W. Orientalism. Vintage Books, 1994.

“Serial Monogamy Definition & Meaning.” Dictionary.com, Dictionary.com, http://www.dictionary.com/browse/serial-monogamy.

Shmaefsky, Brian. Biotechnology 101. Greenwood Press, 2006.

Steel, Liz, et al. The Family. Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.



View Counter


Abstract - 381
PDF - 167

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 EL HABIB EL HADARI

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                                                       SUPPORT JOURNAL

ISSN: 2454-2296

E-ISSN: 2395-0897